It focuses on Victorian literature as the foundational discipline linked to various disciplines such as ecology, evolutionary biology, natural history, and soil science. The topics are wide-ranging, significant, and contemporary discussing the politics of place as well as early environmental justice.
Tuesday, December 26, pm by M. The Stage lists the best shows from around the UK in If you are interested in the story, check these old posts: this and this one. When we walk, we are fashioning a self. At once similar to and very different from our other, workaday selves. You are encapsulated, apart, orbiting yourself. You fall back on whatever resources you have. Sexism or blatant stupidity? Reading for Growth and Vitalizing Power.
Monday, December 25, Everyone loves a Bildungsroman. Monday, December 25, pm by M. An array of 19th century novels from Jane Eyre through to Great Expectations are consistently romanticised on our TV screens. But why do we love them so much? Is it good old-fashioned courtship, ostentatious period drama costumes, or the fetishisation of a time without technology? I know you say that only to tease me.
But think about it: You won't have to worry about me doing something wrong if I have an affair with a literary character! Happy Christmas! W hichever way you celebrate, we sincerely hope you have a happy time. Sunday, December 24, am by M. It comes amid years of bitter internal feuding at one of the world's oldest literary societies between modernists and traditionalists. Literary experts claim her appointment is an insult to the author's memory.
Nicola Harley Later on, the article repeats verbatim what The Times already published. Apparently, literary 'experts' are essentially reduced to Nick Holland let's-burn-these-heretics-now! Sarah Hughes An interesting article about teaching literature in The Guardian : What have our students been reading before they come to our class?
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- Anarchism in Chile.
- Posts Tagged ‘Enlightenment’.
Some — a very few, and almost always men — have read 20th century science fiction Asimov and his ilk , and some of the Beats and their offspring: Kerouac, Bukowski, Burroughs. He's gay, a fact he feels compelled to keep secret from his family until a handsome Romanian worker arrives at the farm to help. Intermediate Agnes Grey. The story is about Agnes, the eighteen-year-old daughter of a poor clergyman. When her family loses a lot of money, Agnes decides to help by finding a job as a governess.
But it proves to be a lot more difficult than Agnes imagined… This pack comes with an audio CD. Saturday, December 23, Pointless and rather childish. Saturday, December 23, pm by M. What we were afraid of, it's happening. Pointless and rather childish. Not particularly. If we were able to choose names at will, would we have chosen her? Probably not, largely because we hardly know anything about her.
Will we make this discussion big news at a national level, prejudging her contribution? Definitely not.
Historical and Institutional Trajectories
We don't need the publicity. And, by the way, if you don't like what we think, it's fine. We publish all the comments. Wuthering Heights in New York. Do you live in New York and wanna see Wuthering Heights in a 35mm copy? Well, you're lucky indeed:. Friday, December 22, I Am Heathcliff. Nelly, I am Heathcliff!
He's always, always in my mind: not as a pleasure, any more than I am always a pleasure to myself, but as my own being. Writers are curious about where other writers write. Maybe we simply want to own this experience. Maybe we need to see the place, as a mountain climber needs to see the summit. I'd never given a thought to Yorkshire's "wiley, windy moors" before I clapped eyes on Kate Bush in the summer of Amid the teased hair and sparkly costumes of Countdown, she appeared — materialised out of the mist, in fact — a vision in red dancing wildly across a drab English landscape, mouthing the mysterious lyrics of Wuthering Heights.
For a teenager growing up in one of Melbourne's duller suburbs, she was a revelation — exotic, gorgeous, compelling — with a voice that set hairs on end. From her flowing red dress and matching tights to the flowers in her hair and around her neck, she was like a newly discovered species.http://parcelcheck.co.za/memory-acting-advanced-techniques.php
Dr Luis Rebaza-Soraluz
I looked into those black-rimmed eyes, clocked those gypsy earrings, and was smitten. A teen-girl crush was born. Then, in , a Mexican uprising in Texas following the Plan de San Diego was met with a fierce, all-out reprisal against Mexicans located in the state: thousands were shot, lynched, or otherwise summarily executed by white-supremacist gangs. Such a sentence amounted to capital punishment for Ricardo, whose health was already declining.
Do you think Ricardo was murdered? Whether Ricardo might have been murdered by a guard in any case is possible, and I am sure that there will be many who subscribe to that theory. Remember that Ricardo was practically blind by the time that he died, and in very poor health. It earned him a direct inquiry from the Attorney General. And he was indeed condemned to life in prison because of his resistance to the draft and to World War I, and because of his adscription to anarchism. All of that is true. Thank you for this question—it is not one that I had dared to ask myself.
I think that the most powerful aspect of this story and experience is the idea of the centrality of mutual aid. Concerning the latter, Ricardo believed that each town and village in Mexico replicated a fundamental struggle between the oppressors and the oppressed, and that a revolutionary spark had the power to explode the whole tinder-box. In this sense, he can be seen as a precursor to foquismo and Che Guevara—with some of the same limitations as that theory, too.
What Ricardo did not visualize though is that revolutionary processes are civil wars, and that in civil wars all of the fractures of society become politically productive and material for political exploitation. The dynamic of war was not, as Ricardo imagined, a kind of purgatorial fire that would end up cleansing society of its ills and giving birth to pure communism.
Instead, civil war proved to be a process wherein coalitions were formed, leaderships emerged, and the life and freedom of the best people were bargained with. There were major gains in the process, to be sure, but the costs were huge, and the results were not what the PLM hoped for, so much so that many of its militants continued to struggle, and continue to rise up in arms until they were finally shot. Of course, new theorists will be necessary to put these resources into play in a way that is different from those that were tried in that earlier generation.
Thank you again, Javier, for offering me this conversation, which has given me much to reflect on. There can be little doubt about the centrality and severity of the environmental crisis in the present day. Extreme weather events can be seen pummeling the globe, from the Philippines—devastated by Typhoon Haiyan in November of last year—to California, which is presently suffering from the worst drought in centuries. As Nafeez Ahmed has shown , a recently published study funded in part by NASA warns of impending civilizational collapse without radical changes to address social inequality and overconsumption.
As a counter-move to these realities, the political philosophy of anarchism—which opposes the rule of both State and capital—may hold a great deal of promise for ameliorating and perhaps even overturning these trends toward destruction. Apropos, I had the great fortune recently to interview Professor Noam Chomsky, renowned anarcho-syndicalist, to discuss the question of ecological crisis and anarchism as a remedy. Following is a transcript of our conversation. Professor Chomsky, thank you so kindly for taking the time today to converse with me about ecology and anarchism.
It is a true honor to have this opportunity to speak with you. Before we pass to these subjects, though, I would like to ask you initially about ethics and solidarity. You certainly have a point, and I share your concerns, as I detail in Imperiled Life: Revolution against Climate Catastrophe , a book that frames the climate crisis as the outgrowth of capitalism and the domination of nature generally understood. Please explain how you see RECD as profoundly at odds with ecological balance.
Well if you take a look at markets, they are a recipe for suicide. So say you sell me a car. We do not take into account the effect on him. For him individually it might be a slight increase, but this is extended over the whole population. Now, when you get to other kinds of transactions, the externalities get much larger. So take the financial crisis. That just about happened with AIG, the huge insurance company. The whole system was really going to collapse, but of course State power intervened to rescue them.
The market principles are essentially for the poor. So take tar sands. Now the settler-colonial societies are particularly interesting in this regard, because you have a conflict within them. Settler-colonial societies are different than most forms of imperialism; in traditional imperialism, say the British in India, the British kind of ran the place: they sent the bureaucrats, the administrators, the officer corps, and so on, but the place was run by Indians. Settler-colonial societies are different; they eliminate the indigenous population.
Read, say, George Washington, a leading figure in the settler-colonial society we live in. They were an advanced civilization, in fact they provided some of the basis for the American constitutional system, but they were in the way, so we have to extirpate them. Why are they attacking us? Some residues remain, but under horrible conditions. Australia, same thing.
Tasmania, almost total extermination. Ecuador, for example, made an offer to Europe—they have a fair amount of oil—to leave the oil in the ground, where it ought to be, at a great loss to them—huge loss for development.
And if you go to southern Colombia, you find indigenous people, campesinos, Afro-Americans struggling against gold mining, just horrible destruction. Same in Australia, against uranium mining, and so on. So you read a speech by say Obama, for example, at Cushing, Oklahoma—Cushing is kind of the center for bringing together and storing the fossil fuels which flow into there and are distributed.
It was an audience of oil types. To enormous applause, he said that during his administration more oil had been lifted than any previous one—for many, many years. At the same time, the remnants of the indigenous societies are trying to prevent the race to disaster. So in this respect, the settler-colonial societies are a striking illustration of first of all the massive destructive power of European imperialism, which of course includes us and Australia, and so on.
And in fact it is. But the insanity goes back to the basic institutional structure of RECD. And it is particularly well-worked out, in extensive detail. My own feeling is that a fair amount of experimentation has to be done to see how societies can and should function. But that certainly should be taken very seriously, along with other proposals. But something along those lines seems to me a prerequisite first of all for reasonable life, put aside the environment—just the way a society ought to work, with people in a position where they can make decisions about the things that matter to them.
But also I think it is a prerequisite for survival at this point. Species destruction now is at the level of 65 million years ago, when an asteroid hit the Earth and destroyed the dinosaurs and a huge number of species—massive species destruction.
Enlightenment | Notes toward an International Libertarian Eco-Socialism
How do you think a resurgent international anarchist movement might respond positively to such alarming trends? In my view anarchism is just the most advanced form of political thought. This should take place within the richest, most powerful societies. So we should join them. This recommendation is entirely anarcho-syndicalist in nature, in keeping with your own proclivities: indeed, it bears much affinity with the prospect of an ecological anarcho-syndicalism, a concept that has been advanced by the Environment Union Caucus of the Industrial Workers of the World IWW-EUC recently.
A particularly promising proposal the EUC has made is that of an ecological general strike.
279 Van Hise Hall
In a similar vein, economic historian Richard Smith recently called for the mass-shuttering of large corporations and vast swathes of industry as a means of giving humanity and nature a chance against climate destruction. Moreover, since the U. How might activists present these pressing goals in ways that do not lend themselves to being dismissed as mere utopianism? That was not utopian. The US government virtually nationalized the auto industry a couple years ago—not entirely, but took over large parts of it.
There were choices at that point.
That was one possibility; that was the one that was taken. The other possibility, which could have been taken, and with a sufficient powerful popular movement might well have been taken, is to put those factories into the hands in the working class, and have them make their choices rationally, in the interests of themselves, their communities, the general society—and do exactly what you were describing: produce solar panels. Take mass-transportation. Going back to markets—if you take an economics course, they tell you markets offer choices.
Markets restrict choices, sharply restrict choices. Mass transportation is an example. Mass transportation is not a choice offered on the market. If I want to go home today, the market does offer me a choice between a Ford and a Toyota, but not between a car and a subway. Choices that involve common effort and solidarity and mutual support and concern for others—those are out of the market system. The market system is based on maximization of individual consumption, and that is highly destructive in itself.
But it also means that the kinds of things that are needed for survival are out of the market system—like mass-transportation. According to German critical theorist Herbert Marcuse, revolution can be defined in part as action which seeks to secure the life, freedom, and happiness of future generations. Within the modern Western revolutionary tradition, some of the most promising movements have arguably been Gracchus Babeuf and the Conspiracy of Equals, Rosa Luxemburg and the Spartacus League, and the Spanish anarchists.
What would you say is the role of direct action in revolutionary struggle? Is that a revolution, is it a reform? Who knows? After losing the election of the CUT, Miranda was strongly criticized for proposing the foundation of a "libertarian political party".
In the decade of there were some sporadic appearances of libertarian groups during the government of Salvador Allende. The anarchist affiliation during the dictatorship did not have an organic character, limiting itself to the work of some individuals that contributed to the formation of resistance groups against the dictatorship, specially in the university and population scope.
Anarchism — as a social movement was forgotten during those years. The Collective is shown to the community in the act of 1 May , with a noticeably anarchist poster. From this experience, and after the entrance of several individuals, the first Anarchist Congress in takes shape. This group went from being a group of audio-visual diffusion, soon happened to define itself in by the tendency of 'especifista', strengthening the work of insertion in cultural spaces like; Boca Sur, Lomas Coloradas and Chiguayante, to soon found a library and a center of documentation in Penco.
Within the framework of the strike of the miners of Lota of , a call to the conformation of a "Committee of Solidarity" with the miners takes place. In that space, next to union sectors and Marxist groups, the libertarian presence becomes present in the three months that the struggle lasted. Although the anarchist revival in the 90s seems to come from the Platformism current, near the political left wing with influences of the MIR and FPMR , that rescues the "political anarchism" of the Libertarian Movement of 7 July and that is manifested by the end of the '80s in the "Man and Society Training Center", [direct antecedent of the "Anarco Communist Congress of Unification" CUAC and of the "Libertarian Communist Organization" OCL-Chile ]; with the foundation in of the Front of Libertarian Students FEL and of the participation in the Presidency of the Republic political campaign of Marcel Claude through the "Libertarian Network" , this current moves away more and more of the anarchism to constitute itself in a political party of left wing.
Towards the mid '90s, product of the approach to libertarian theses of some militants of the "Youth Lautaro Movement" MJL-Lautaro Marxism—Leninism-maoism , begin to develop an insurreccionalist trend similar to libertarian marxism and situacionism. Towards mid s, this current starts spreading through the "Kolektivo Kamina Libre" and de las casas okupa.
Although it is certain that their theses contribute a new air to the traditional anarchism, it is not less certain that their avant-garde practices situate them closer to Marxism—Leninism. During those years "Anarchist May Day" and "Libertarian May, the first" celebrations were held in remembrance of the Haymarket affair. The libertarian groups "GOKE" and "Neither Helmet Nor Uniform" lead the opposition to compulsory military service through conscientious objection since the early s; becoming, thus, a referent for Chilean antimilitarism.
It is also worth noting the healthy state of the squatting movement, which has refurbished different cultural and social venues re-opening them for community use. They claim to be inspired by their particular interpretation of Situationism, their own update to Autonomism, biopolitical criticism and Queer Theory; they do not belong to an organization as such, although they function within a rhizome-like structure. This situation has made Anarchists from Valparaiso to be sometimes perceived as different to many others in the rest of Chile and elsewhere.
From the beginning of the s the Eco-anarchist tendency started to be expressed in Chile in an incipient way when the works of Murray Bookchin began to be widespread. Nowadays, the "Eco-anarchist Group" GEA from Santiago -which advocates Social Ecology — and some other groups linked to organic community farming, permaculture and vegetarianism stand out. During the student protests in Chile , young anarchist students at the University of Art and Social Sciences , for the first time in almost half a century, raised their banner in a struggle against education profiteering and for universal gratuity in the education system, beginning thus a campaign that would expand into the following decade and was, in fact, supported massively by the rest of the Chilean students.
During the student protests in Chile in and , libertarians had a significant presence within the assemblies of high school and university students, forcing the reformist sectors communists and socialists mainly to maintain the debate regarding universal gratuity. The communist project, up to that point, was oriented towards obtaining a system of "differentiated fee".
In the year the "First Anarchist Book Fair in Santiago" took place; and it was organized again in , and In recent years anarchist propaganda and media publications have multiplied, carrying out an increasingly intensive task of propagating anarchist ideas and libertarian practices in the country as well as developing its project in the social movements and organizations.
These publications also give evidence of the differences among the anarchists themselves, since many groups adhere to different but not necessarily contradictory tendencies. From to El Surco started to be published, with a circulation of copies, distributed throughout the country and abroad. Since June , the Anarco-Communist newspaper Solidaridad can be found in the most populated cities of Chile. This publication's aim was to deal with dystopian issues such as Schizoanalysis or Anti-psychiatry. Also, from the newspaper Acracia is still being published monthly in Valdivia.
Since this publication has become the mouthpiece for FALV. Although its periodicity is somewhat irregular and there is no clear estimate of the number of copies being distributed, the material being published has been copied intensively by different kinds of collectives. They have joined efforts, alongside other small publishers, to create The Coordinating Centre of Black Editorials , which has participated in numerous instances within the students movement that has been developed at the same time. In recent years, hundreds of anarchists have been arrested and prison sentences have been served by individuals who were accused of street disorder, ill-treatment of police officers and the placement of bombs, which has led the anarchist movement to be criminalized.
On 14 December of that same year, another Anarchist and supporter of the Mapuche cause, Juan "Orangu" Cruz Magna, 28, from Santiago, was shot in the neck by strangers when he was spending some time at the Mapuche community of Temucuicui. On 22 May , Anarchist Mauricio Morales died in Santiago Centro when the bomb that he was carrying at his back went off near the Gendarmerie School. On 31 December , Basque novelist Asel Luzarraga was arrested in Padre Las Casas, accused of being involved in the placement of four explosive devices.
That accusation was finally withdrawn in the face of manifest material impossibility, as it was shown that Asel was outside Chile on the dates of three of those four attacks. On 14 August , in the so-called "Bombs Case", the squatter house Sacco y Vanzetti was raided and 14 people were arrested, including anarchists, anti-authoritarians and Marxists.
After eight months in prison and several months of probation, all of those charged were declared innocent after a long trial that culminated in the Chilean Supreme Court. In , young Anarchist Luciano Pitronello was sentenced to six years of probation.
Critical Terms in Caribbean and Latin American Thought
The process had begun with him being arrested under charges of terrorism for installing a bomb at a bank of Santander branch, and ended with him being charged for handling of explosives and the use a false patent. In November some young anarchists acquitted in the "Bombs Case" were arrested in Spain accused of installing explosive devices at Cathedral-Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar injuring a woman.
At least artifacts have exploded in Chile since
Related Los ácratas (La Escritura Invisible) (Spanish Edition)
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